Two-year data show investigational drug liraglutide more effective at lowering blood sugar than glimepiride

Two-year data show investigational drug liraglutide more effective at lowering blood sugar than glimepiride (7 Jun 2009)

New Orleans - Data presented today at the 69th Annual Scientific Sessions of the American Diabetes Association (ADA) showed that once-daily liraglutide, taken as monotherapy, leads to statistically significant and sustained reductions in blood sugar and weight after two years of treatment. 

In the study, 58% of patients treated with liraglutide 1.8 mg once daily reached and maintained the ADA's blood sugar target of HbA1C less than 7% versus 37% of patients treated with glimepiride 8 mg once daily.(1)

"The fact that liraglutide continues to effectively lower blood sugar after two years of treatment is consistent with its other long-term clinical benefits such as continued reductions in fasting blood sugar and weight," said Dr Alan Garber, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, a LEADTM 3 principal study investigator. "Even with available treatments, many type 2 diabetes patients still struggle to control their blood sugar, while losing weight. Liraglutide represents an important advance for these patients."

The LEADTM 3 extension study also documented that treatment with liraglutide leads to early and lasting weight loss. Many currently available diabetes treatments lead to weight gain(2), a concern for type 2 diabetes patients, most of whom are already overweight.(3)  After two years of treatment with 1.8 mg of liraglutide, mean body weight decreased significantly (-2.7 kg) compared to overall weight increase in the glimepiride group (+1.1 kg).

Hypoglycaemia is a condition where blood sugar levels become too low. Minor hypoglycaemia was more than six times less frequent in the liraglutide treatment groups compared with the glimepiride group.(1)

About LEADTM 3 extension

The LEADTM 3 extension compared the efficacy and safety of liraglutide (1.8 mg and 1.2 mg, once daily) to glimepiride (8 mg, once daily) in patients with type 2 diabetes. Patients were treated previously with diet/exercise or low doses of one oral antidiabetic drug (OAD).  The trial had a 52-week randomised, double-blind period followed by the one-year extension; 59% entered the extension period of the trial and 43% of these patients completed the full two-year study period.

LEADTM 3: two-year data

Two years' monotherapy
 Liraglutide

1.8 mg, QD

N=154
 Liraglutide

1.2 mg, QD

N=149
 Glimepiride

8 mg, QD

N=137
 
Diabetes duration, years at baseline
 5.0
 5.0
 5.0
 
Previous treatment:

% diet/exercise

% OAD monotherapy
 35%

65%
 38%

62%
 34%

66%
 
HbA1C % at baseline
 8.1
 8.1
 8.0
 
BMI, kg/m2 at baseline
 33
 33
 33
 
Change in HbA1C% from baseline
 -1.1
 -0.9
 -0.6
 
Change in HbA1C%  from baseline (in patients with <3 years' duration of diabetes)
 -1.4
 -1.1
 -0.7
 
HbA1C%<7.0%
 58
 53
 37
 
Change FPG (Fasting Plasma Glucose) mg/dL from baseline
 -27
 -24 
 -6
 
Weight change, kg from baseline
 -2.7 
 -2.1
 1.1
 
Minor hypoglycaemic events/patient/year
 0.23
 0.21
 1.76
 

Safety and tolerability of liraglutide

The rate of minor hypoglycaemia was statistically significantly lower with both liraglutide dose groups compared to the glimepiride-treated group. The most common gastrointestinal-related adverse events were nausea, diarrhoea and vomiting, and most were transient.(4) Other adverse events reported included flu-like symptoms.

About LEADTM (Liraglutide Effect and Action in Diabetes)

The LEADTM programme comprises five randomised, controlled, double-blinded studies plus one open-label head-to-head study against exenatide and involved more than 4,000 patients with type 2 diabetes in 40 countries.

About liraglutide

Once-daily liraglutide is the first human Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 (GLP-1) analogue developed for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Liraglutide works by stimulating the release of insulin only when blood sugar levels are high. Weight loss with liraglutide is attributed to the fact that it slows gastric emptying and leads to increased satiety after meals. Liraglutide is naturally broken down in the body and does not require renal excretion.

On 23 May 2008, Novo Nordisk submitted a New Drug Application to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in the US, as well as a marketing authorisation application to the European Medicines Agency (EMEA), for the approval of liraglutide for the treatment of people with type 2 diabetes. A New Drug Application was also submitted for approval in Japan on 14 July 2008.

On 23 April 2009, Novo Nordisk announced that the Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) under the EMEA adopted a positive opinion, recommending marketing authorisation of liraglutide for treatment of type 2 diabetes in Europe.

In the US, a regulatory decision is pending.

For more information on liraglutide, visit novonordisk.com - Media - Liraglutide press room.

Novo Nordisk is a healthcare company and a world leader in diabetes care. In addition, Novo Nordisk has a leading position within areas such as haemostasis management, growth hormone therapy and hormone replacement therapy. Novo Nordisk manufactures and markets pharmaceutical products and services that make a significant difference to patients, the medical profession and society. With headquarters in Denmark, Novo Nordisk employs approximately 27,900 employees in 81 countries, and markets its products in 179 countries. Novo Nordisk's B shares are listed on the stock exchanges in Copenhagen and London. Its ADRs are listed on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol ‘NVO'. For more information, visit novonordisk.com.

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