CytRx Announces That FDA Lifts Clinical Hold of Arimoclomol in ALS
-Company Permitted to Resume Clinical Testing as FDA Accepts Revised Protocol for Ascending Dose Trial-
-Clinical Trial to Include Safety and Efficacy Evaluation-
LOS ANGELES--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Dec. 2, 2009-- CytRx Corporation (NASDAQ:CYTR), a biopharmaceutical company, is permitted to re-enter the clinic with its orally administered molecular chaperone drug candidate arimoclomol as a therapeutic treatment for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS or Lou Gehrig's disease), following the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) acceptance of a revised clinical trial protocol.
"We are delighted with the FDA's decision to approve a protocol that provides a safe and efficient avenue to ascend arimoclomol dosing to the target dosage level of 400 mg three times daily, which we believe will prove most effective in treating ALS patients," said CytRx President and CEO Steven A. Kriegsman. "Arimoclomol's underlying molecular chaperone amplification method of action has shown promising clinical and preclinical study results in inhibiting the progression of ALS, a debilitating disease that currently lacks effective therapeutic treatment. We believe that this drug candidate has the potential to be a breakthrough drug with application in a number of other neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease and Huntington's disease, and as a treatment for stroke recovery and neuropathy. Recent independent findings also indicate that molecular chaperone technology represents a significant strategy in the future design of anti-aging pharmaceuticals.
"We have attracted significant interest from several pharmaceutical companies as potential partners to advance development of our molecular chaperone programs, and we view clearance to resume arimoclomol clinical testing as a key step in moving these negotiations forward. Given the significant opportunity arimoclomol presents in ALS, we are prepared to resume the clinical trial in parallel with our discussions," he added.
CytRx Chief Medical Officer Daniel J. Levitt, M.D., Ph.D., said, "The revised protocol allows for a safety assessment and a preliminary efficacy evaluation in ALS patients treated with arimoclomol at levels up to four times the dose administered in our prior Phase IIa clinical trial and open label extension study. Arimoclomol will be administered in combination with riluzole (Rilutek®), the only currently FDA-approved treatment for ALS, which typically prolongs life by approximately two months. We currently estimate that data from this trial, should all tiers be completed, will be available approximately 18 months from the time the trial starts."
The clinical trial protocol accepted by the FDA is a tiered, placebo-controlled, double-blind ascending dose study. The study is designed to test progressive groups each with between 20 and 30 ALS patients over a three-month treatment period. Fifteen patients will receive a combination of arimoclomol at various dose levels and riluzole at a fixed dose of 50 mg twice daily, with between five and 15 ALS patients receiving placebo and riluzole at the same fixed dose. The first group will receive arimoclomol 100 mg capsules three times daily. Every four weeks, another group of ALS patients will begin three-month testing with six patients receiving arimoclomol dosing three times daily at a 75 mg per dose increase from the prior group. The maximum dose in the protocol allows for testing arimoclomol at 400 mg three times daily. An independent safety monitoring board will review safety results prior to initiating each consecutive increase in dosage level.
The trial's endpoints include a preliminary evaluation of efficacy using two widely accepted surrogate markers, the revised ALS Functional Rating Scale (ALSFRS-R), which is used to determine patient's capacity and independence in 13 functional activities, and Vital Capacity (VC), an assessment of lung capacity. The trial is powered to monitor only extreme responses in these two categories.
The FDA has granted Fast Track designation and Orphan Drug status to arimoclomol for the treatment of ALS. Arimoclomol has also been granted orphan medicinal product status for the treatment of ALS from the European Medicines Agency.
ALS is a progressive degeneration of the brain and spinal column nerve cells that control the muscles that allow movement. ALS affects an estimated 120,000 people of all races and ethnic backgrounds worldwide. Over a period of months or years, ALS causes increasing muscle weakness, inability to control movement and problems with speaking, swallowing and breathing. According to the ALS Association more than 5,600 people in the U.S. are diagnosed with ALS annually and an estimated 30,000 Americans have ALS at any given time. According to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, most ALS patients die within three to five years after the onset of symptoms.
Arimoclomol represents a novel approach to the treatment of CNS disorders by activating molecular chaperones that regulate the normal cellular protein repair pathway. Arimoclomol has the ability to detect proteins that are misfolded and to refold those proteins into the appropriate, non-toxic shape. Arimoclomol is currently being considered as a treatment for ALS and stroke recovery, and other diseases. In August 2009, CytRx reported that arimoclomol had exhibited both statistically significant neuroprotective and neuroregenerative effects in brain cells of animals induced with stroke, offering important insights into its mechanism of action.
About CytRx Corporation
CytRx Corporation is a biopharmaceutical research and development company engaged in the development of high-value human therapeutics. The CytRx drug development pipeline includes programs in clinical development for cancer indications, including tamibarotene in a registration study for the treatment of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). In addition, CytRx is developing two drug candidates based on its industry-leading molecular chaperone technology, which aims to repair or degrade misfolded proteins associated with disease. CytRx also maintains a 36% equity interest in publicly traded RXi Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (NASDAQ:RXII). For more information on the Company, visit www.cytrx.com.
This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. Such statements involve risks and uncertainties that could cause actual events or results to differ materially from the events or results described in the forward-looking statements, including the risk that CytRx will further amend the clinical trial protocol, or elect not to proceed with clinical development, as a result of future business or market conditions, capital constraints or other factors, the risk that the revised protocol might extend the clinical development timeline for arimoclomol and delay any potential marketing approval for arimoclomol, risks related to the administration of arimoclomol at ascending doses, including the risk that arimoclomol may not prove safe at higher doses, risks related to CytRx's ability to enter into partnerships or other transactions to advance the clinical including the risk that CytRx will be unable to secure a partnership to fund any further development of arimoclomol for ALS, risks relating to the timing, outcome or results of future clinical testing of arimoclomol, risks related to CytRx's need for additional capital or strategic partnerships to fund its ongoing working capital needs and development efforts, risks related to the future market value of CytRx's investment in RXi and the liquidity of that investment, and the risks and uncertainties described in the most recent annual and quarterly reports filed by CytRx with the Securities and Exchange Commission and current reports filed since the date of CytRx's most recent annual report. All forward-looking statements are based upon information available to CytRx on the date the statements are first published. CytRx undertakes no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.
Source: CytRx Corporation
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